Product description

Botanical Name: Trichosanthes cucumerina

Types of Plant: Herbaceous annual vine

Part of the Plant used: Fruit (immature fruit)

Description: Snake Gourd, scientifically known as Trichosanthes cucumerina, is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family and is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. It is characterized by its elongated, cylindrical fruit with a smooth, green skin and white stripes or mottling, resembling a snake, hence its name. Snake gourd is valued for its tender flesh and mild flavor, making it a popular ingredient in various culinary traditions. The immature fruit is harvested and consumed as a vegetable, prized for its versatility and nutritional benefits.


  • Culinary Uses: Snake gourd is a versatile vegetable used in diverse culinary preparations, particularly in Asian, Indian, and Southeast Asian cuisines. It is commonly utilized in curries, stir-fries, soups, and stews, adding texture and flavor to dishes. Snake gourd pairs well with spices such as cumin, coriander, turmeric, and ginger, enhancing its taste profile. It can also be stuffed, pickled, or added to salads for a refreshing crunch.
  • Nutritional Value: Snake gourd is low in calories and rich in essential nutrients, making it a healthy addition to the diet. It is a good source of dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium, and calcium. Consuming snake gourd may support digestive health, immune function, and overall well-being.
  • Health Benefits: Snake gourd contains bioactive compounds such as triterpenoids, flavonoids, and alkaloids, which possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Regular consumption of snake gourd may help lower cholesterol levels, regulate blood sugar levels, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. Additionally, its high fiber content promotes satiety and aids in weight management.


Growing Conditions:

  • Sunlight: Snake gourd plants require full sunlight and thrive in warm, sunny conditions. Ensure they receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and fruit production.
  • Soil: Well-draining, fertile soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.5 is ideal for snake gourd cultivation. Sandy loam or loamy soil enriched with organic matter promotes healthy root development and vigorous growth.
  • Water: Keep the soil consistently moist throughout the growing season, especially during flowering and fruiting stages. Snake gourd plants have moderate water requirements and may suffer from stress if not adequately hydrated. Mulching around the plants helps retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth.
  • Climate: Snake gourd thrives in warm temperatures between 70°F to 95°F (21°C to 35°C) and is sensitive to frost. It is commonly grown as a summer crop in tropical and subtropical regions with a long growing season.

Harvesting and Storage of Snake Gourd:

  • Harvest snake gourd when they are young and tender, typically 12 to 18 inches in length, for optimal flavour and texture. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut the fruit from the vine, leaving a short stem attached.
  • Check snake gourd vines regularly for ripe fruit, as overripe fruit may become tough and fibrous.
  • Store freshly harvested snake gourd in the refrigerator for up to one week. To maintain freshness, wrap them in a paper towel and place them in a perforated plastic bag to prevent moisture loss.
Alternatively, snake gourd can be sliced or diced and frozen for long-term storage, preserving its flavour and nutritional value for future use.

Snake Gourd

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