Product description

Botanical Name: Catharanthus roseus

Types of Plant: Perennial Herbaceous Plant

Part of the Plant used: Leaves, Flowers

Description: Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as Madagascar Periwinkle, is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Apocynaceae family. Native to Madagascar, this versatile plant is cultivated worldwide for its ornamental beauty and medicinal properties. It is characterized by its glossy green leaves and vibrant, star-shaped flowers that bloom in shades of pink, purple, white, or red. Catharanthus roseus is prized for its resilience, adaptability, and low maintenance, making it a popular choice for gardens, landscapes, and container cultivation. Beyond its aesthetic appeal, Madagascar Periwinkle holds significant therapeutic value in traditional herbal medicine and pharmacology.


Medicinal Uses: Catharanthus roseus is renowned for its medicinal properties and has been used in traditional herbal medicine for centuries. The plant contains various bioactive compounds, including alkaloids such as vincristine and vinblastine, which exhibit potent anti-cancer properties. These alkaloids are used in the treatment of various types of cancer, including leukemia, lymphoma, and solid tumors, as they interfere with the growth and division of cancer cells. Additionally, Madagascar Periwinkle is used to treat other ailments such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and infections, owing to its antimicrobial, hypotensive, and anti-inflammatory effects.

Culinary Uses: While Catharanthus roseus is primarily cultivated for its medicinal properties and ornamental value, it is not commonly used in culinary applications. The plant contains toxic alkaloids, particularly in the leaves and stems, which can be harmful if ingested in large quantities. As a result, Madagascar Periwinkle is not recommended for culinary use and should be grown and handled with caution, especially in households with pets or young children.

Ornamental Value: Madagascar Periwinkle is prized for its ornamental beauty and is cultivated as a decorative plant in gardens, landscapes, and containers. The plant's glossy foliage and colorful flowers add vibrancy and charm to outdoor spaces, making it a popular choice for borders, beds, and mixed plantings. Catharanthus roseus thrives in sunny locations with well-draining soil and requires minimal maintenance once established. It is drought-tolerant and pest-resistant, making it suitable for novice gardeners and urban environments.


Growing Conditions:

  • Sunlight: Catharanthus roseus thrives in full sunlight but can tolerate partial shade, especially in hot climates.
  • Soil: Well-draining soil with good moisture retention is ideal for Madagascar Periwinkle. A mixture of potting soil, sand, and organic compost provides the necessary nutrients for healthy growth.
  • Water: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water Catharanthus roseus plants regularly, especially during dry periods, to maintain optimal growth and flowering.
  • Climate: Madagascar Periwinkle is adaptable to a wide range of climatic conditions but prefers warm temperatures. It grows well in tropical and subtropical regions with moderate humidity levels.

Harvesting and Storage:

  • Harvesting Flowers: Harvest Catharanthus roseus flowers when they are fully open and vibrant for ornamental purposes. Use clean scissors or shears to snip the flowers from the plant, leaving some foliage behind for continued growth.
  • Storage: Use Madagascar Periwinkle flowers fresh for floral arrangements or decorative purposes. Store any excess flowers in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prolong their freshness


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