Product description

Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus

Types of Plant: Herbaceous annual

Part of the Plant used: Fruit (technically a pepo)

Description: Cucumber, scientifically known as Cucumis sativus, is a vine-like flowering plant belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. Originating from South Asia, cucumbers are now cultivated worldwide for their elongated, cylindrical fruits, which are prized for their crisp texture and mild, refreshing flavor. Cucumber fruits vary in size, shape, and color, with common varieties including slicing cucumbers, pickling cucumbers, and specialty types like English cucumbers. The skin of cucumbers may be smooth or ridged, and the flesh is typically juicy and pale green, with edible seeds dispersed throughout.


  • Culinary Uses: Cucumbers are a versatile vegetable used in various culinary applications, particularly in salads, sandwiches, wraps, and cold soups. They can be eaten raw or pickled, sliced, diced, or grated to add crunch and hydration to dishes. Cucumbers also serve as a refreshing addition to beverages such as infused water, cocktails, and smoothies, imparting a subtle flavor and aroma.
  • Nutritional Value: Cucumbers are low in calories and high in water content, making them a hydrating and nutrient-dense food. They are a good source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin K, vitamin C, potassium, and magnesium. Cucumbers also contain antioxidants like flavonoids and lignans, which may help reduce inflammation and promote overall health.
  • Health Benefits: Consuming cucumbers may offer various health benefits, including hydration, digestion support, and skin health. The high water content helps keep the body hydrated and promotes healthy kidney function, while the fiber content aids in digestion and promotes regularity. Additionally, cucumbers contain compounds like cucurbitacins and cucumerin, which have been studied for their potential anticancer properties.


Growing Conditions:

  • Sunlight: Cucumber plants thrive in full sunlight and require at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and fruit production.
  • Soil: Well-draining, fertile soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0 is ideal for cucumber cultivation. Sandy loam or loamy soil enriched with organic matter promotes healthy root development and fruiting.
  • Water: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water cucumber plants regularly, especially during hot, dry periods, to prevent stress and ensure proper fruit formation. Mulching around the plants helps retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth.
  • Climate: Cucumbers prefer warm temperatures between 70°F to 90°F (21°C to 32°C) and are sensitive to frost. They are commonly grown as annuals in temperate climates but can be cultivated as perennials in regions with mild winters.

Harvesting and Storage of Cucumbers:

  • Harvest cucumbers when they reach the desired size and maturity, typically 6 to 8 inches in length for slicing cucumbers and smaller for pickling varieties. Use pruning shears or a sharp knife to cut the fruits from the vine, leaving a short stem attached.
  • Check cucumber plants regularly for ripe fruits, as they can become overripe and bitter if left on the vine for too long.
  • Store freshly harvested cucumbers in the refrigerator for up to one week. To maintain freshness, wrap them in a paper towel and place them in a perforated plastic bag to prevent moisture loss.
  • Avoid storing cucumbers near ethylene-producing fruits like bananas and tomatoes, as this can accelerate ripening and spoilage.


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