Product description

Botanical Name: Beta vulgaris

Type of Plant: Biennial herbaceous plant

Part of the Plant used: Root, leaves

Description: Beetroot, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris, is a biennial vegetable prized for its edible roots and nutritious leaves. Belonging to the Amaranthaceae family, beetroot is cultivated worldwide for its vibrant, bulbous root, which comes in various colours ranging from deep purple to golden yellow and even white. The flesh of the beetroot is sweet and earthy, with a tender texture when cooked. Beetroot leaves, also known as beet greens or beet tops, are rich in nutrients and can be eaten raw in salads or cooked as a nutritious side dish. Beetroot is a versatile vegetable used in a wide range of culinary applications, from soups and salads to dips, smoothies, and even desserts.


  • Culinary Uses: Beetroot is a versatile vegetable used in diverse culinary preparations. It can be enjoyed raw, grated or thinly sliced, in salads and slaws, or roasted, boiled, steamed, or grilled as a side dish or main ingredient. Beetroot can also be pickled, pureed into soups and sauces, or baked into cakes and muffins for added flavour and moisture. Beetroot leaves can be cooked and eaten as a nutritious vegetable or used as a flavourful addition to soups, stews, and stir-fries.
  • Nutritional Value: Beetroot is a nutrient-dense vegetable packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It is an excellent source of folate, manganese, potassium, and vitamin C, as well as dietary fiber and phytonutrients such as betalains and betacyanins. Consuming beetroot may support cardiovascular health, reduce blood pressure, improve exercise performance, and enhance detoxification processes in the body. Beetroot leaves are particularly high in vitamins A and K, calcium, and iron, providing additional health benefits.
  • Health Benefits: Beetroot offers numerous health benefits due to its unique nutritional profile and bioactive compounds. The nitrates in beetroot have been shown to improve blood flow, lower blood pressure, and enhance athletic performance by increasing oxygen delivery to muscles. Beetroot also contains betalains, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, supporting overall health and well-being. Regular consumption of beetroot may help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers, as well as promote digestive health and weight management.


Growing Conditions:

  • Sunlight: Beetroot plants thrive in full sunlight but can tolerate partial shade, especially in hot climates. Ensure they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and root development.
  • Soil: Well-draining, fertile soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.5 is ideal for beetroot cultivation. Sandy loam or loamy soil enriched with organic matter promotes healthy root growth and prevents soil compaction.
  • Water: Keep the soil consistently moist throughout the growing season, especially during the germination and root development stages. Beetroot plants have shallow roots and may suffer from stress if soil moisture is inadequate. Water regularly, especially during dry periods, and mulch around the plants to retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth.
  • Climate: Beetroot is a cool-season vegetable and thrives in temperatures between 50°F to 75°F (10°C to 24°C). It can tolerate light frost but may bolt and become bitter in hot weather. Beetroot is commonly grown as a spring or fall crop in temperate regions and as a winter crop in milder climates.

Harvesting and Storage of Beetroot:

  • Harvest beetroot when they reach the desired size and maturity, typically within 8 to 10 weeks after planting. Beetroot can be harvested when the roots are firm, smooth, and well-coloured, with tops that are fresh and green. Use a garden fork or trowel to loosen the soil around the roots and gently lift them from the ground.
  • Remove any excess soil from the harvested beetroot and trim the tops to about 1 inch above the root. Rinse the beetroot under cool water to remove dirt and debris.
  • Freshly harvested beetroot can be stored in the refrigerator for up to several weeks. To maintain freshness, store them in a perforated plastic bag or airtight container in the crisper drawer. Avoid washing beetroot before storing, as excess moisture can cause them to deteriorate more quickly.
  • Beetroot leaves can be stored separately in the refrigerator for up to a few days. Place them in a plastic bag or container with a damp paper towel to maintain moisture and freshness. Use beetroot leaves as soon as possible for the best flavour and texture.


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