Product description

Botanical Name: Momordica charantia

Types of Plant: Herbaceous annual vine

Part of the Plant used: Fruit (immature fruit)

Description: Bitter Gourd, scientifically known as Momordica charantia, is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family and is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. Also known as bitter melon or bitter squash, it is recognized for its oblong, warty fruit with a distinctively bitter taste. Despite its bitterness, bitter gourd is valued for its culinary versatility and numerous health benefits. The immature fruit is harvested and consumed as a vegetable, commonly used in various cuisines for its unique flavor profile and potential medicinal properties.


  • Culinary Uses: Bitter gourd is used in a wide range of culinary applications, particularly in Asian, Indian, and Caribbean cuisines. It is commonly incorporated into stir-fries, curries, soups, and salads, adding a distinctive bitterness and texture to dishes. Bitter gourd pairs well with complementary ingredients such as onions, garlic, tomatoes, and spices like cumin, coriander, and turmeric, balancing its flavor and enhancing its culinary appeal.
  • Nutritional Value: Despite its bitter taste, bitter gourd is a nutritious vegetable rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It is low in calories and carbohydrates, making it suitable for various dietary preferences. Bitter gourd is an excellent source of vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium, and dietary fiber, contributing to overall health and well-being.
  • Health Benefits: Bitter gourd is renowned for its potential medicinal properties and health benefits. It contains bioactive compounds such as charantin, vicine, and polypeptide-p, which have been studied for their anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects. Regular consumption of bitter gourd may help regulate blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers.


Growing Conditions:

  • Sunlight: Bitter gourd plants require full sunlight and thrive in warm, sunny conditions. Ensure they receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and fruit production.
  • Soil: Well-draining, fertile soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.5 is ideal for bitter gourd cultivation. Sandy loam or loamy soil enriched with organic matter promotes healthy root development and vigorous growth.
  • Water: Keep the soil consistently moist throughout the growing season, especially during flowering and fruiting stages. Bitter gourd plants have high water requirements and may suffer from stress if not adequately hydrated. Mulching around the plants helps retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth.
  • Climate: Bitter gourd thrives in warm temperatures between 75°F to 95°F (24°C to 35°C) and is sensitive to frost. It is commonly grown as a summer crop in tropical and subtropical regions with a long growing season.

Harvesting and Storage of Bitter Gourd:

  • Harvest bitter gourd when they are young and tender, typically 4 to 6 inches in length, for optimal flavor and texture. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut the fruit from the vine, leaving a short stem attached.
  • Check bitter gourd vines regularly for ripe fruit, as overripe fruit may become excessively bitter and less palatable.
  • Store freshly harvested bitter gourd in the refrigerator for up to one week. To maintain freshness, wrap them in a paper towel and place them in a perforated plastic bag to prevent moisture loss.
  • Alternatively, bitter gourd can be sliced or diced and frozen for long-term storage, preserving its flavor and nutritional value for future use.

Bitter Gourd

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